Diversity and Inclusion in Internal Medicine Training Programs: An Unfulfilled Dream
The data were analyzed based on the gender and racial distributions and their temporal trends by year among Internal Medicine residents. Relative and absolute percentages were calculated along with counts to underline trends in resident appointments over time and across these specialties. Although data for gender distribution were available for all years (i.e., 2007 to 2019), race/ethnicity was reported from 2011.
When averaged over our study period, 51.4% of all Internal Medicine residents were men, whereas the representation of women was 38.3% (p < 0.001). Gender data were not reported by 10% of the residents. The representation of women increased steadily, with a relative increase of 4.7% from 2007 to 2019. However, the rate of growth for our study period was much greater for men than women. In 2007, men accounted for 47.4% while women accounted for 36.7% of all residents in Internal Medicine, whereas in 2019, men accounted for 56% while women accounted for 41% of all academic Internal Medicine residents (Figure 1).